The yeoman farmer was usually a reasonably well off individual as he owned the land he cultivated. He was not beholden to the local landowner for the land he farmed.
Their homes were quite substantial in that they could be two stories high and containing a large central hall where the family entertained.
If the Yeoman farmer employed servants they would be fed in the hall.
If there was no separate kitchen the cooking had to be done in the hall fireplace, although I say fireplace there probably wasn’t a fixed fireplace at all. Fires were built up against a wall, or against an iron panel which could be moved about, or even on a stone plinth in the middle of the hall.
It wasn’t until the late 1500’s that chimneys started to appear, until that the smoke had to escape as best it could through a louvre in the roof. I cannot imagine that the atmosphere in those great halls was very good. This would be when static fireplaces came into being.
Glass for windows was not generally introduced until the early 1600’s. There were often latticed windows but they did not contain any glass.
Glass was such an expensive commodity that it was often bequeathed in a will, as well, would you believe, as chimneys! Can you imagine taking down a chimney brick by brick or painstakingly removing every pane of glass?
Yeomen seemed to own an amazing number of beds in their homes, but I suppose that would be because families were generally large. To have 8 or 10 beds was not at all unusual.
One wealthy Kentish yeoman left 7 feather beds, 9 flock beds and 1 of down.
They seemed to have quite a lot of bed linen too, but that was to be expected given the number of beds they had. Even a poorer yeoman could have owned 15 or 20 pairs of sheets.
Most bedrooms would contain chests, sometimes 2 or 3 to hold anything that needed to be kept out of the way of mice of the prying eyes of the servants. Another might hold special pieces of pewter or silver that were only brought into use when important guests were being entertained. Usually the chest in the Masters bedroom would hold all his documents and all ‘evidence’ of his property plus any money he had about him.
At different times rooms may have been added to the main building, perhaps an extra room for a kitchen or a storeroom or extra bedrooms.
Usually the dairy house, the bakehouse, the malthouse etc. were separate buildings. Most yeomen’s homes produced their own ale, they baked all their own bread etc. and produced their own cheeses.
There could have been a storeroom in the main house where they stored bags of wheat or rye, flitches of bacon. Perhaps pieces of timber or spare beds would be kept here to keep everything in good order.
The wealthy yeoman may have had one suit of clothes and his wife a best dress made by a tailor but everything else was made by the yeoman farmer’s wife, or by others under her supervision.
Altogether the yeoman farmer’s properties were generally quite substantial and quite a homestead for his family and servants.